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The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence Service.
M. Rose, G. Klyne, D. Crocker. April 2003.

 
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Network Working Group M. Rose Request for Comments: 3343 Dover Beach Consulting, Inc. Category: Experimental G. Klyne Nine by Nine D. Crocker Brandenburg InternetWorking April 2003 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence Service Status of this Memo This memo defines an Experimental Protocol for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Discussion and suggestions for improvement are requested. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003). All Rights Reserved. Abstract This memo describes the Application Exchange (APEX) presence service, addressed as the well-known endpoint "apex=presence". The presence service is used to manage presence information for APEX endpoints. Table of Contents 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. Use and Management of Presence Information . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 Update of Presence Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 Distribution of Presence Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.3 Distribution of Watcher Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3. Format of Presence Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. The Presence Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 4.1 Use of XML and MIME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4.2 The Subscribe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.3 The Watch Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.4 The Publish Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.5 The Terminate Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.6 The Notify Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.7 The Reply Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 5. Registration: The Presence Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 6. The Presence Service DTD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 1]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1. Introduction This memo describes a presence service that is built upon the APEX [1] "relaying mesh". The APEX presence service is used to manage presence information for APEX endpoints. APEX, at its core, provides a best-effort datagram service. Within an administrative domain, all relays must be able to handle messages for any endpoint within that domain. APEX services are logically defined as endpoints, but given their ubiquitous semantics they do not necessarily need to be associated with a single physical endpoint. As such, they may be provisioned co-resident with each relay within an administrative domain, even though they are logically provided on top of the relaying mesh, i.e., +----------+ +----------+ +----------+ +---------+ | APEX | | APEX | | APEX | | | | access | | presence | | report | | ... | | service | | service | | service | | | +----------+ +----------+ +----------+ +---------+ | | | | | | | | +----------------------------------------------------------------+ | | | APEX core | | | +----------------------------------------------------------------+ That is, applications communicate with an APEX service by exchanging data with a "well-known endpoint" (WKE). APEX applications communicate with the presence service by exchanging data with the well-known endpoint "apex=presence" in the corresponding administrative domain, e.g., "apex=presence@example.com" is the endpoint associated with the presence service in the "example.com" administrative domain. Note that within a single administrative domain, the presence service makes use of the APEX access [3] service in order to determine if an originator is allowed to view or manage presence information. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 2]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 2. Use and Management of Presence Information Management of presence information falls into three categories: o applications may update the presence information associated with an endpoint; o applications may subscribe to receive presence information associated with an endpoint; and, o applications may find out who is subscribed to receive presence information. Each is now described in turn. 2.1 Update of Presence Information When an application wants to modify the presence information associated with an endpoint, it sends a publish operation to the service, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | -- data -------> | | | appl. | | relay | | | <--------- ok -- | | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='fred@example.com' /> <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <publish publisher='fred@example.com' transID='1' timeStamp='2000-05-14T13:30:00-08:00'> <presence publisher='fred@example.com' lastUpdate='2000-05-14T13:02:00-08:00' publisherInfo='http://www.example.com/fred/'> <tuple destination='apex:fred/appl=im@example.com' availableUntil='2000-05-14T14:02:00-08:00' /> <tuple destination='mailto:fred@flintstone.com' availableUntil='2525-12-31T23:59:59-08:00' /> </presence> </publish> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 3]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 Note that this example uses the "subaddress" convention specified in Section 2.2 of [1] (e.g., "fred/appl=im") to denote multiplexing of traffic for a particular endpoint. Of course, popular applications may have their own URI method assigned to them (e.g., "im:fred@example.com"). The service immediately responds with a reply operation containing the same transaction-identifier, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='fred@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <reply code='250' transID='1' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> 2.2 Distribution of Presence Information When an application wants to (periodically) receive the presence information associated with an endpoint, it sends a subscribe operation to the service, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | -- data -------> | | | appl. | | relay | | | <--------- ok -- | | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='wilma@example.com' /> <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <subscribe publisher='fred@example.com' duration='86400' transID='100' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 4]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 The service immediately responds with a publish operation containing the same transaction-identifier, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='wilma@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <publish publisher='fred@example.com' transID='100' timeStamp='2000-05-14T13:30:00-08:00'> <presence publisher='fred@example.com' lastUpdate='2000-05-14T13:02:00-08:00' publisherInfo='http://www.example.com/fred/'> <tuple destination='apex:fred/appl=im@example.com' availableUntil='2000-05-14T14:02:00-08:00' /> </presence> </publish> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Subsequently, for up to the specified "duration", the service sends new publish operations whenever there are any changes to the endpoint's presence information. If the "duration" is zero-valued, a one time poll of the presence information is achieved; otherwise, at the end of the "duration", a terminate operation is sent. Note that Step 5 of Section 4.4 requires that the "lastUpdate" attribute of a presence entry be supplied in order to update that entry; accordingly, applications must successfully retrieve a presence entry prior to trying to update that entry. This is usually accomplished by subscribing with a zero-valued duration. (Regardless, administrators should ensure that applications authorized to update a presence entry are also authorized to retrieve that entry.) Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 5]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 Either the subscriber or the service may cancel a subscription by sending a terminate operation, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | -- data -------> | | | appl. | | relay | | | <--------- ok -- | | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='wilma@example.com' /> <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <terminate transID='100' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='wilma@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <reply code='250' transID='100' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> or +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='wilma@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <terminate transID='100' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 6]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 2.3 Distribution of Watcher Information When an application wants to (periodically) receive notices about endpoints that are subscribed to receive presence information, it sends a watch operation to the service, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | -- data -------> | | | appl. | | relay | | | <--------- ok -- | | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='fred@example.com' /> <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <watch publisher='fred@example.com' duration='86400' transID='2' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> The service immediately responds with a reply operation containing the same transaction-identifier, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='fred@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content' <reply code='250' transID='2' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 7]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 For each current subscriber, the service immediately sends a notify operation containing the same transaction-identifier, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='fred@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <notify subscriber='wilma@example.com' transID='2' duration='86000' action='subscribe' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Subsequently, for up to the specified "duration", the service sends new notify operations whenever an application subscribes successfully or a subscription is terminated. If the "duration" is zero-valued, a one time poll of the watcher information is achieved; otherwise, at the end of the "duration", a terminate operation is sent. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 8]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 Either the watcher or the service may cancel the request by sending a terminate operation, e.g., +-------+ +-------+ | | -- data -------> | | | appl. | | relay | | | <--------- ok -- | | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='fred@example.com' /> <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <terminate transID='2' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='fred@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <reply code='250' transID='2' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> or +-------+ +-------+ | | <------- data -- | | | relay | | pres. | | | -- ok ---------> | svc. | +-------+ +-------+ C: <data content='#Content'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='fred@example.com' /> <data-content Name='Content'> <terminate transID='2' /> </data-content> </data> S: <ok /> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 9]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 3. Format of Presence Entries Each administrative domain is responsible for maintaining a "presence entry" for each of its endpoints (regardless of whether those endpoints are currently attached to the relaying mesh). Section 6 defines the syntax for presence entries. Each presence entry has a "publisher" attribute, a "lastUpdate" attribute, a "publisherInfo" attribute, and contains one or more "tuple" elements: o the "publisher" attribute specifies the endpoint associated with the presence entry; o the "lastUpdate" attribute specifies the date and time that the service last updated the presence entry; o the "publisherInfo" attribute specifies arbitrary information about the publisher (using a URI); and, o each "tuple" element specifies information about an entity associated with the endpoint. Each "tuple" element has a "destination" attribute, an "availableUntil" attribute, a "tupleInfo" attribute, and contains zero or more "capability" elements: o the "destination" attribute identifies the entity as a URI (e.g., "apex:fred/appl=im@example.com" or "mailto:fred@flintstone.com"); o the "availableUntil" attribute specifies the latest date and time that the entity is capable of receiving messages; o the "tupleInfo" attribute specifies arbitrary information about the entity (using a URI); and, o each "capability" element contains a specification as to the kinds of content the entity is capable of receiving. Each "capability" element contains arbitrary character data formatted according to the standard indicated in the element's "baseline" attribute. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 10]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 4. The Presence Service Section 5 contains the APEX service registration for the presence service: o Within an administrative domain, the service is addressed using the well-known endpoint of "apex=presence". o Section 6 defines the syntax of the operations exchanged with the service. o A consumer of the service initiates communications by sending data containing the subscribe, watch, or publish operation. o In addition to replying to these operations, the service may also initiate communications by sending data containing the terminate, publish, or notify operations. An implementation of the service must maintain information about both presence entries and in-progress operations in persistent storage. Consult Section 6.1.1 of [1] for a discussion on the properties of long-lived transaction-identifiers. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 11]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 4.1 Use of XML and MIME Section 4.1 of [1] describes how arbitrary MIME content is exchanged as a BEEP [2] payload. For example, to transmit: <data content='...'> <originator identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> <recipient identity='fred@example.com' /> </data> where "..." refers to: <reply code='250' transID='1' /> then the corresponding BEEP message might look like this: C: MSG 1 1 . 42 1234 C: Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="boundary"; C: start="<1@example.com>"; C: type="application/beep+xml" C: C: --boundary C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml C: Content-ID: <1@example.com> C: C: <data content='cid:2@example.com'> C: <originator identity='fred@example.com' /> C: <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> C: </data> C: --boundary C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml C: Content-ID: <2@example.com> C: C: <reply code='250' transID='1' /> C: --boundary-- C: END or this: C: MSG 1 1 . 42 1234 C: Content-Type: application/beep+xml C: C: <data content='#Content'> C: <originator identity='fred@example.com' /> C: <recipient identity='apex=presence@example.com' /> C: <data-content Name='Content'> C: <reply code='250' transID='1' /> C: </data-content> C: </data> C: END Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 12]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 4.2 The Subscribe Operation When an application wants to (periodically) receive the presence information associated with an endpoint, it sends a "subscribe" element to the service. The "subscribe" element has a "publisher" attribute, a "duration" attribute, a "transID" attribute, and no content: o the "publisher" attribute specifies the endpoint associated with the presence entry; o the "transID" attribute specifies the transaction-identifier associated with this operation; and, o the "duration" attribute specifies the maximum number of seconds for which the originator is interested in receiving updated presence information. When the service receives a "subscribe" element, we refer to the "publisher" attribute of that element as the "subject", and the service performs these steps: 1. If the subject is outside of this administrative domain, a "reply" element having code 553 is sent to the originator. 2. If the subject does not refer to a valid endpoint, a "reply" element having code 550 is sent to the originator. 3. If the subject's access entry does not contain a "presence:subscribe" token for the originator, a "reply" element having code 537 is sent to the originator. 4. If the originator already has an in-progress subscribe operation for the subject, then the previous subscribe operation is silently terminated, and processing continues. 5. If the "transID" attribute refers to an in-progress subscribe or watch operation for the originator, a "reply" element having code 555 is sent to the originator. 6. Otherwise: 1. A "publish" element, corresponding to the subject's presence entry, is immediately sent to the originator. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 13]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 2. For each endpoint currently watching subscribers to the subject's presence information, a "notify" element is immediately as sent (c.f., Step 6.3 of Section 4.6). 3. For up to the amount of time indicated by the "duration" attribute of the "subscribe" element, if the subject's presence entry changes, an updated "presence" element is sent to the originator using the publish operation (Section 4.4). Finally, when the amount of time indicated by the "duration" attribute expires, a terminate operation (Section 4.5) is sent to the originator. Note that if the duration is zero-valued, then the subscribe operation is making a one-time poll of the presence information. Accordingly, Step 6.3 above does not occur. Regardless of whether a "publish" or "reply" element is sent to the originator, the "transID" attribute is identical to the value found in the "subscribe" element sent by the originator. 4.3 The Watch Operation When an application wants to (periodically) receive notices about endpoints that are subscribed to receive presence entry, it sends a "watch" element to the service. The "watch" element has a "publisher" attribute, a "duration" attribute, a "transID" attribute, and no content: o the "publisher" attribute specifies the endpoint associated with the presence entry; o the "transID" attribute specifies the transaction-identifier associated with this operation; and, o the "duration" attribute specifies the maximum number of seconds for which the originator is interested in watching subscribers. When the service receives a "watch" element, we refer to the "publisher" attribute of that element as the "subject", and the service performs these steps: 1. If the subject is outside of this administrative domain, a "reply" element having code 553 is sent to the originator. 2. If the subject does not refer to a valid endpoint, a "reply" element having code 550 is sent to the originator. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 14]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 3. If the subject's access entry does not contain a "presence:watch" token for the originator, a "reply" element having code 537 is sent to the originator. 4. If the originator already has an in-progress watch operation for the subject, then the previous watch operation is silently terminated, and processing continues. 5. If the "transID" attribute refers to an in-progress subscribe or watch operation for the originator, a "reply" element having code 555 is sent to the originator. 6. Otherwise: 1. A "reply" element having code 250 is sent to the originator. 2. For each endpoint currently subscribing to the subject's presence information, a "notify" element is immediately sent to the originator (c.f., Section 4.6). 3. For up to the amount of time indicated by the "duration" attribute of the "watch" element, whenever a subscribe operation succeeds or a subscription is terminated, a "notify" element is sent to the originator. Finally, when the amount of time indicated by the "duration" attribute expires, a terminate operation (Section 4.5) is sent to the originator. Note that if the duration is zero-valued, then the watch operation is making a one-time poll of the presence information. Accordingly, Step 6.3 above does not occur. Regardless of whether a "notify" or "reply" element is sent to the originator, the "transID" attribute is identical to the value found in the "presence" element sent by the originator. 4.4 The Publish Operation When an application wants to modify the presence entry associated with an endpoint, it sends a "publish" element to the service. In addition, the service sends a "publish" element to endpoints that have subscribed to see presence information (c.f., Section 4.2). The "publish" element has a "publisher" attribute, a "transID" attribute, a "timeStamp" attribute, and contains a "presence" element: o the "publisher" attribute specifies the endpoint to be associated with the presence entry; Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 15]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 o the "transID" attribute specifies the transaction-identifier associated with this operation; o the "timeStamp" attribute specifies the application's notion of the current date and time; and, o the "presence" element contains the desired presence entry for the endpoint. When the service sends a "publish" element, the "transID" attribute specifies the transaction-identifier associated with the subscribe operation that caused this "publish" element to be sent, and the "timeStamp" attribute specifies the service's notion of the current date and time. No reply is sent by the receiving endpoint. When the service receives a "publish" element, we refer to the "publisher" attribute of that element as the "subject", and the service performs these steps: 1. If the "publisher" attribute of the "publish" element doesn't match the "publisher" attribute of the "presence" element contained in the "publish" element, a "reply" element having code 503 is sent to the originator. 2. If the subject is outside of this administrative domain, a "reply" element having code 553 is sent to the originator. 3. If the subject does not refer to a valid endpoint, a "reply" element having code 550 is sent to the originator. 4. If the subject's access entry does not contain a "presence:publish" token for the originator, a "reply" element having code 537 is sent to the originator. 5. If the "lastUpdate" attribute of the "publish" element is not semantically identical to the "lastUpdate" attribute of the subject's presence entry, a "reply" element having code 555 is sent to the originator. (This allows a simple mechanism for atomic updates.) 6. Otherwise: 1. The subject's presence entry is updated from the "publish" element. 2. The "lastUpdate" attribute of the presence entry is set to the service's notion of the current date and time. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 16]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 3. A "reply" element having code 250 is sent to the originator. When sending the "reply" element, the "transID" attribute is identical to the value found in the "publish" element sent by the originator. 4.5 The Terminate Operation When an application no longer wishes to subscribe to presence information or to watch endpoints that are subscribed to receive presence information, it sends a "terminate" element to the service; similarly, when the service no longer considers an application to be subscribing or watching, a "terminate" element is sent to the application. The "terminate" element contains only a "transID" attribute that specifies the transaction-identifier associated an in-progress subscribe or watch operation. Section 9.1 of [1] defines the syntax for the "terminate" element. When the service receives a "terminate" element, it performs these steps: 1. If the transaction-identifier does not refer to a previous subscribe or watch operation for the originator, an "error" element having code 550 is returned. 2. Otherwise, the previous subscribe or watch operation for the originator is terminated, and a "reply" element having code 250 is sent to the originator. Note that following a terminate operation, the originator may receive further presence or watcher updates. Although the service will send no further updates after processing a terminate operation and sending the reply operation, earlier updates may be in transit. 4.6 The Notify Operation The service sends a "notify" element to endpoints that are watching other endpoints subscribed to presence information (c.f., Section 4.3). The "notify" element has a "subscriber" attribute, a "transID" attribute, a "duration" attribute, an "action" attribute, and no content: o the "subscriber" attribute specifies the endpoint that is subscribed to presence information; and, Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 17]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 o the "transID" attribute specifies the transaction-identifier associated with the watch operation that caused this "notify" element to be sent; o the "action" attribute specifies whether a subscription or its termination has occurred; and, o if a subscription is being reported, the "duration" attribute specifies the requested duration of the subscription. No reply is sent by the receiving endpoint. 4.7 The Reply Operation While processing operations, the service may respond with a "reply" element. Consult Sections 10.2 and 6.1.2 of [1], respectively, for the definition and an exposition of the syntax of the reply element. 5. Registration: The Presence Service Well-Known Endpoint: apex=presence Syntax of Messages Exchanged: c.f., Section 6 Sequence of Messages Exchanged: c.f., Section 4 Access Control Tokens: presence:subscribe, presence:watch, presence:publish Contact Information: c.f., the "Authors' Addresses" section of this memo 6. The Presence Service DTD <!-- DTD for the APEX presence service, as of 2001-05-08 Refer to this DTD as: <!ENTITY % APEXPRESENCE PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD APEX PRESENCE//EN" ""> %APEXPRESENCE; --> <!ENTITY % APEXCORE PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD APEX CORE//EN" ""> %APEXCORE; Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 18]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 <!-- Synopsis of the APEX presence service service WKE: apex=presence message exchanges: consumer initiates service replies ================== ================ subscribe publish or reply terminate reply watch reply publish reply service initiates consumer replies ================= ================ terminate (nothing) publish (nothing) notify (nothing) access control: token target ================== ====== presence:subscribe for "publisher" of "subscribe" element presence:watch for "publisher" of "watch" element presence:publish for "publisher" of "publish" element --> <!ELEMENT subscribe EMPTY> <!ATTLIST subscribe publisher %ENDPOINT; #REQUIRED transID %UNIQID; #REQUIRED duration %SECONDS; #REQUIRED> <!ELEMENT watch EMPTY> <!ATTLIST watch publisher %ENDPOINT; #REQUIRED transID %UNIQID; #REQUIRED duration %SECONDS; #REQUIRED> <!-- publisher attributes must match in publish and presence --> <!ELEMENT publish (presence)> <!ATTLIST publish publisher %ENDPOINT; #REQUIRED transID %UNIQID; #REQUIRED timeStamp %TIMESTAMP; #REQUIRED> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 19]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 <!ELEMENT notify EMPTY> <!ATTLIST notify subscriber %ENDPOINT; #REQUIRED transID %UNIQID; #REQUIRED duration %SECONDS; "0" action (subscribe|terminate) "subscribe"> <!-- presence entries --> <!ELEMENT presence (tuple+)> <!ATTLIST presence publisher %ENDPOINT; #REQUIRED lastUpdate %TIMESTAMP; #REQUIRED publisherInfo %URI; ""> <!ELEMENT tuple (capability*)> <!ATTLIST tuple destination %URI; #REQUIRED availableUntil %TIMESTAMP; #REQUIRED tupleInfo %URI; ""> <!-- e.g., baseline='urn:ietf:rfc:rfc2533' --> <!ELEMENT capability (#PCDATA)> <!ATTLIST capability baseline %URI #REQUIRED> Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 20]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 7. Security Considerations Consult [1]'s Section 11 for a discussion of security issues. In addition, timestamps issued by the the presence service may disclose location information. If this information is considered sensitive, the special timezone value "-00:00" may be used (after converting the local time accordingly). References [1] Rose, M., Klyne, G. and D. Crocker, "The Application Exchange Core", RFC 3340, July 2002. [2] Rose, M., "The Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol Core", RFC 3080, March 2001. [3] Rose, M., Klyne, G. and D. Crocker, "The Application Exchange (APEX) Access Service", RFC 3341, July 2002. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 21]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 Acknowledgements The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of: Neil Cook, Eric Dixon, Darren New, Scott Pead, and Bob Wyman. Authors' Addresses Marshall T. Rose Dover Beach Consulting, Inc. POB 255268 Sacramento, CA 95865-5268 US Phone: +1 916 483 8878 EMail: mrose@dbc.mtview.ca.us Graham Klyne Nine by Nine EMail: gk@ninebynine.org David H. Crocker Brandenburg InternetWorking 675 Spruce Drive Sunnyvale, CA 94086 US Phone: +1 408 246 8253 EMail: dcrocker@brandenburg.com URI: http://www.brandenburg.com/ Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 22]
RFC 3343 The Application Exchange (APEX) Presence April 2003 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Rose, et al. Experimental [Page 23]

   

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